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About Kempton Park

Kempton Park, Gauteng

 

is a city on the East Rand in the Gauteng province,South Africa. Formerly an independent municipality in the Transvaal, Kempton Park no longer has its own municipal government, and has been part of the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality since 2000. Kempton Park is located north-east of Johannesburg, South Africa's largest city, and south of Pretoria, the administrative capital. It is situated next to Tembisa, one of the largest townships in South Africa. The name of the city is sometimes written as "Kemptonpark" inAfrikaans.

It was established in 1903 when Karl Wolff sub-divided a portion of his Zuurfontein farm into residential stands and named the new townKempten after the German town in Bavaria of his birth. The name wasanglicised into Kempton Park..

OR Tambo International Airport (Africa's busiest airport) is located in Kempton Park. In 1952 the airport, then known as Jan Smuts International Airport, was built on land next to the community, and opened in 1953. The airport's name was changed to Johannesburg International Airport in the late 1990s and then to OR Tambo International Airport in 2006..

The city has six major high schools (secondary schools): Jeugland Hoërskool, Kempton Hoër (Kempton High),Rhodesfield High School,[10] Birchleigh Hoër, Norkem Park High and Sir Pierre van Ryneveld..

The Kempton Park Golf Course, first designed in 1965, in Spartan is known as the club where Ernie Els learnt how to play golf.


Kempton Park
The Central Business District of Kempton Park
The Central Business District of Kempton Park

 

 

History

 

Carl Friedrich Wolff was born on Christmas Eve 1851 in Kempten, the capital of the Austro-Bavarian district Allgäu in South Germany. After school and an early training in the iron and steel industry, he moved to London and in 1873, embarked on a financial career. In 1875 his company, Adolph Mosenthal & Co. transferred him to South Africa where he took command of the accounting division in the Port Elizabeth branch. In 1880 he was transferred to Bloemfontein where he married Maria Fichardt, granddaughter of Carl Wuras, a noted missionary.

In 1888, Wolff was transferred to Pretoria to establish a branch office. He became a leading figure among the German community and was elected as chairman of the local German Club. From Pretoria he moved to Johannesburg to open another branch office and became a founder member and the first chairman of the German Club in the city.

Because of his German origin, Carl Friedrich Wolff was a natural choice as a go-between for the Z.A.R. in their transactions with the Nobel Trust, who were building the dynamite factory. The Nobel company had established the Zuid-Afrikaansche Fabrieken voor Ontplofbare Stoffen and had appointed Wolff as local director in South Africa (although he apparently retained his connections with his English employers).

The Nobel Trust exercised complete financial control over the dynamite factory and Wolff's major role appears to have been as negotiator with the Z.A.R. government and local landowners. During the establishment of the dynamite factory and the delicate negotiations which evolved as a result of the private rail link from the factory to Zuurfontein, Wolff played a prominent part.

 

The Rhodesfield suburb of Kempton Park

 

The exciting events taking place at this time can well be imagined. Gold fever had gripped the Witwatersrand and the dynamite factory was a vital industrial necessity. Land speculation was rife, community development was beginning to take shape and Carl Wolff, at the peak of his career, was right in the heart of the drama.

Establishing the rail link was of prime importance and successful negotiation with the owners of the farm Zuurfontein, the Buitendags, was crucial. The Buitendags' great complaint was that the existing railway line already divided their property and some 113 morgen on the east side of the farm was completely cut off from the main property. The new railroad to the dynamite factory would further divide their property and disrupt their farming operations.

Tembisa is a large township situated to the north of Kempton Park on the East Rand, Gauteng, South Africa. It was established in 1957 when Africans were resettled from Alexandra and other areas in Edenvale, Kempton Park, Midrand andGermiston.

 

 

 

Economy

 

Airways Park, the head office ofSouth African Airways


The international airport plays a dominant role in the local economy. Several airline and other aviation related companies are headquartered in Kempton Park.

The Emperor's Palace Casino is also located in Kempton Park.

South African Airways, the flag carrier of South Africa, and subsidiary South African Express Airways have their head offices in Kempton Park..Airlink, a regional South African airline, has its headquarters on the grounds of OR Tambo Airport..Mango, a low cost airline, is headquartered on the grounds of OR Tambo. .The headquarters of Comair and Kulula.com are at an intersection within Ekurhuleni in close proximity to OR Tambo..Federal Air also has its headquarters on the OR Tambo grounds..Time has its head office in the Isando Industrial Park..Safair's head office is in Kempton Park..

 

 

 

 

SOURCE:   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kempton_Park,_Gauteng

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